Departments are used to help management be able to print profit reports and other necessary information in a logical format, focusing on a specific department of the business. Departments are an extension to the general ledger account numbers. They are three digit codes used to designate different departments, divisions, locations, or product lines of a company. Departments can be a powerful way to analyze the profitability of a specific segment of the company. The system facilitates separate Profit & Loss statements for individual departments or Profit Centers as well as other financial statements.
Although departments and Profit Centers can be synonymous, the following distinction will be used throughout the EBMS software.
Overhead costs can be posted to a single general ledger account and then allocated to individual profit centers based on a monthly or annual percentage. The dynamic percentage can be entered on a monthly or annual basis. For example, multiple profit centers may share a common building and the building costs such as maintenance, utilities, and insurances. These costs are then distributed to the individual profit centers based on the percent of space used within the building. Review Allocating Indirect Expenses to a Profit Center for more details on this powerful management tool.
It is recommended that you plan your departments and Profit Centers prior to using the system. Creating these groups after transactions have been processed may create some possible complications.
Following are some examples of how departments and Profit Centers may be used:
A hardware store may divide the store in the following departments:
Lawn & Garden
Building supplies, etc.
The manager may identify each department as a separate profit center or he may combine a few of the departments together into a common profit center that is managed by the same person. A possible advantage of creating departments for this store owner would be to determine which departments are the most profitable within his operation.
A farm equipment dealer may want to create the following departments:
Farm tractor sales
Farm tractor service
Harvesting & cultivating equipment sales
Harvesting & cultivating equipment service
Lawn and garden equipment sales
Lawn and garden equipment service
With the following Profit Centers:
Sales Profit Center which includes all the sales departments
Service Profit Center which includes all the service departments
Another possible use for Profit Centers would be to identify locations for companies with multiple locations as well as multiple departments within each location. A hardware store owner may own more than one store with the departments listed in our first example.
Company profit centers would include:
Mobile service truck
Each of the locations would contain one or more of the following:
Lawn & Garden
Profit Centers can also identify entire divisions within companies, such as:
Following are some questions to ask to determine if departments or Profit Centers would be beneficial to your company. Note that these are only general recommendations and you may wish to consult your accountant or an EBMS consultant.
Please contact an EBMS consultant for assistance in planning the department structure.
Set the basic controls to use Departments and Profit Centers in the.
This switch determines if a department is set or determined on the expense or sales invoice. If the Based on Departments option is selected, the system allows a default department set for each customer. This option also adds an option on the sales invoice to identify the department for the invoice. Review [Main] Getting Started > Company Setup > Company Profiles for more details on this option.
YTD Department balances brought
forward from previous years.
This switch determines if the running balance in the department history page is brought forward from the previous year to maintain a running balance from year to year.
Turn this switch on ONLY if you plan to use the department as fund groups such as a ministry or a non-profit organization.
Review the Creating Departments section for more details on departments
Profit Centers Options
Use Profit Centers
This switch will enable Profit Center buttons and processes.
If you plan to use Profit Centers.
If you are not using the Profit Center feature of this system.
Automatically Create Profit Centers from Departments
If all Profit Centers consist of only one department.
If this switch is ON, all Profit Center IDs are identical to the department ID code and the Profit Center window is accessed within the department window. See Profit Center button in .
If any Profit Center consists of more than one department.
Profit Centers will be identified with a unique Profit Center ID enter indialog. Review section on Creating New Profit Centers.